Bookshelf

 

Recent Faculty Publications

Bruce Ackerman

Revolutionary Constitutions: Charismatic Leadership and the Rule of Law (2019)

A robust defense of democratic populism by one of America’s most renowned and controversial constitutional scholars—the award-winning author of We the PeoplePopulism is a threat to the democratic world, fuel for demagogues and reactionary crowds—or so its critics would have us believe. But in his award-winning trilogy We the PeopleBruce Ackerman showed that Americans have repeatedly rejected this view. Now he draws on a quarter century of scholarship in this essential and surprising inquiry into the origins, successes, and threats to revolutionary constitutionalism around the world. He takes us to India, South Africa, Italy, France, Poland, Burma, Israel, and Iran and provides a blow-by-blow account of the tribulations that confronted popular movements in their insurgent campaigns for constitutional democracy.

We the People, Volume 3: The Civil Rights Revolution (2018)

The Civil Rights Revolution carries Bruce Ackerman’s sweeping reinterpretation of constitutional history into the era beginning with Brown v. Board of Education. From Rosa Parks’s courageous defiance, to Martin Luther King’s resounding cadences in “I Have a Dream,” to Lyndon Johnson’s leadership of Congress, to the Supreme Court’s decisions redefining the meaning of equality, the movement to end racial discrimination decisively changed our understanding of the Constitution.

The Decline and Fall of the American Republic (2013)

Bruce Ackerman shows how the institutional dynamics of the last half-century have transformed the American presidency into a potential platform for political extremism and lawlessness. Watergate, Iran-Contra, and the War on Terror are only symptoms of deeper pathologies. Ackerman points to a series of developments that have previously been treated independently of one another—from the rise of presidential primaries, to the role of pollsters and media gurus, to the centralization of power in White House czars, to the politicization of the military, to the manipulation of constitutional doctrine to justify presidential power-grabs. He shows how these different transformations can interact to generate profound constitutional crises in the twenty-first century—and then proposes a series of reforms that will minimize, if not eliminate, the risks going forward.

Other publications:

Julia Adams 

“The Ladies Vanish? American Sociology and the Genealogy of its Missing Women on Wikipedia,” article by Wei Luo, Julia Adams and Hannah Brueckner in Comparative Sociology (2018)

Many notable female sociologists have vanished from the canonical history of American sociology. As the most influential crowd-sourced encyclopedia, Wikipedia promises – but does not necessarily deliver – a democratic corrective to the generation of knowledge, including academic knowledge. This article explores multiple mechanisms by which women either enter or disappear from the disciplinary record by analyzing the unfolding interaction between the canonical disciplinary history of sociology and Wikipedia. 

Patrimonial Capitalism and Empire, edited by Mounira M. Charrad and Julia Adams (2015)

There is today a new interest in empires past and present. Scholars seek fresh ways of understanding a form of power far older than the modern nation state. Others see empire, not long ago assumed to be a mode of governance on the way out, as having a surprising new lease on life, and want to better understand the reasons why. This volume focuses on the interconnected formations of patrimonialism, colonialism/empire and capitalism. The articles show that patrimonial practices, which often form the backbone of empire, are present throughout history, including in global capitalist modernity. 

Wikipedia, Sociology, and the Promise and Pitfalls of Big Data,” article by Julia Adams and Hannah Brueckner in Big Data & Society (2015)

An (NSF) funded study of how academics and academic subjects are represented on Wikipedia. The ongoing work is directed by Professors Julia Adams of Yale University and Hannah Brückner of NYU Abu Dhabi. Wikipedia is an important instance of ‘‘Big Data,’’ both because it shapes people’s frames of reference and because it is a window into the construction—including via crowd-sourcing—of new bodies of knowledge. Based on our own research as well as others’ critical and ethnographic work, we take as an instance Wikipedia’s evolving representation of the field of sociology and sociologists, including such gendered aspects as male and female scholars and topics associated with masculinity and femininity. Both the gender-specific dynamics surrounding what counts as ‘‘notability’’ on the online encyclopedia and Wikipedia’s relative categorical incoherence are discussed. If ‘‘Big Data’’ can be said to construct its own object, it is, in this instance, a curious and lop-sided one, exemplifying pitfalls as well as promise with respect to more accurate and democratic forms of knowledge.

Rolena Adorno

The Polemics of Possession in Spanish American Narrative (2007, 2014)

In this book on early Latin American narrative, Rolena Adorno argues that the foundations of the Latin American literary tradition are located in the writings that debated the rights to Spanish dominion in the Americas and the treatment of its natives. Placing the works of canonical Spanish and Amerindian writers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries—Bartolomé de las Casas in particular—within this larger polemic, she shows how their works sought credibility through reference to the narrative accounts they followed or contradicted, rather than the historical events they sought to defend or condemn. Demonstrating how these authors and their protagonists have been polemically reinvented in narrative form up to the present day, Adorno elucidates the role the “polemics of possession” played in the development of Latin American literary and political discourse.

Colonial Latin American Literature: A Very Short Introduction (2011)

A vivid account of the literary culture of the Spanish-speaking Americas from the time of Columbus to Latin American Independence, this Very Short Introduction explores the origins of Latin American literature in Spanish and tells the story of how Spanish literary language developed and flourished in the New World. A leading scholar of colonial Latin American literature, Rolena Adorno examines the writings that debated the justice of the Spanish conquests, described the novelties of New World nature, expressed the creativity of Hispanic baroque culture in epic, lyric, and satirical poetry, and anticipated Latin American Independence. The works of Spanish, creole, and Amerindian authors highlighted here, including Bartolomé de las Casas, Felipe Guaman Poma, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, and Andrés Bello, have been chosen for the merits of their writings, their participation in the larger literary and cultural debates of their times, and their resonance among readers today.

Jennifer Allen

“National Commemoration in an Age of Transnationalism,” article in the Journal of Modern History (2019)

The Journal of Modern History is recognized as the leading American journal for the study of European intellectual, political, and cultural history. The Journal’s geographical and temporal scope-the history of Europe since the Renaissance-makes it unique: the JMH explores not only events and movements in specific countries, but also broader questions that span particular times and places.

Dudley Andrew

Roland Barthes’ Cinema, by Philip Watts, Dudley Andrew, Yves Citton, Vincent Debaene, and Sam Di Iorio eds (2016)

Offers the first systematic English-language critical treatment of Barthes’ writing on cinema. Provides detailed analysis of the various stages of Barthes’s intellectual itinerary. Examines Barthes’s explicit and implicit dialogue with France’s leading postwar film critic, André Bazin. Includes nine translated texts written by Barthes about cinema, as well as an exclusive interview with renown public intellectual Jacues Raciére.

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André Bazin (2013; first published 1978)

André Bazin, often dubbed the father of the French New Wave, has had an immense impact on film art. He is credited with almost single-handedly establishing the study of film as an accepted intellectual pursuit. The journal that he founded in 1951, Cahiers du Cinéma, remains the most influential archive of cinema criticism. He remains one of the most read, most studied, and most engaging figures ever to have written about film. The last few years have witnessed a massive resurgence of interest in Bazin among critics, scholars, and students of every persuasion. His writings, a mainstay of film theory courses, are now finding a place on the syllabi of core courses in film history, criticism, and appreciation. Dudley Andrew’s intellectual biography is a landmark in film scholarship.

What Cinema Is!: Bazin’s Quest and its Charge (2010)

What Cinema Is! offers an engaging answer to Andre Bazin’s famous question, exploring his ‘idea of cinema’ with a sweeping look back at the near century of Cinema’s phenomenal ascendancy.

Other select publications:

Sergei Antonov

Bankrupts and Usurers of Imperial Russia: Debt, Property, and the Law in the Age of Dostoevsky and Tolstoy (2016)

Professor Antonov’s first book, Bankrupts and Usurers of Imperial Russia: Debt, Property, and the Law in the Age of Dostoevsky and Tolstoy, appeared from Harvard University Press in 2016. It won the Ed A. Hewett Book Prize for an outstanding publication on the political economy of Russia, Eurasia and/or Eastern Europe, awarded by the Association for Slavic, East European, & Eurasian Studies. It is the first full-length history of the culture of personal debt in Russia. Based on close readings of previously unexamined court cases, it argues that informal personal debt was central to the imperial-era regime of private property, which, in turn, underpinned Russia’s social and political stability.

Other select publications:

Paris Aslanidis

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“Populism as a Collective Action Master Frame for Transnational Mobilization,” article in Sociological Forum (2018)

Occupy Wall Street, the Greek and Spanish indignados, and other important movements swept across the Western world from 2011 onward, redefining political and social conflict during the global economic meltdown of the Great Recession. These movements have earned well‐deserved academic attention, but the resulting scholarship is lacking a crucial pillar: a comparative analysis of the collective action frames employed by movement entrepreneurs. In this article, Paris Aslanidis identifies the master frame at work and uncovers shared processes of strategic meaning making and collective identity construction during this transnational cycle of contention.

“Populism and Social Movements” Chapter in The Oxford Handbook of Populism (2017)

Populism is usually treated as an exclusively top-down affair where political party leaders mobilize diverse constituencies to reap electoral benefits. This perspective discounts a rich universe of bottom-up populist mobilization that remains exogenous to strict electoral contestation, thus unreasonably constraining the empirical study of the phenomenon. This chapter draws from social movement studies and social psychology to examine populist social movements under a comprehensive theoretical framework, aiming to bring together theorists of populism with scholars of social mobilization and encourage their mutually beneficial interaction.

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“Greek Populism: A Political Drama in Five Acts,” chapter in European Populism in the Shadow of the Great Recession (2015)

This volume, covering twenty-five populist parties in seventeen European states, presents the first comparative study of the impact of the Great Recession on populism. Based on a common analytical framework, chapters offer a highly differentiated view of how the interplay between economic and political crises helped produce patterns of populist development across Europe.

Seyla Benhabib

Exile, Statelessness, and Migration: Playing Chess with History from Hannah Arendt to Isaiah Berlin (2018)

Exile, Statelessness, and Migration explores the intertwined lives, careers, and writings of a group of prominent Jewish intellectuals during the mid-twentieth century—in particular, Theodor Adorno, Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin, Isaiah Berlin, Albert Hirschman, and Judith Shklar, as well as Hans Kelsen, Emmanuel Levinas, Gershom Scholem, and Leo Strauss. Informed by their Jewish identity and experiences of being outsiders, these thinkers produced one of the most brilliant and effervescent intellectual movements of modernity. Political philosopher Seyla Benhabib’s starting point is that these thinkers faced migration, statelessness, and exile because of their Jewish origins, even if they did not take positions on specifically Jewish issues personally.

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Toward New Democratic Imaginaries. Istanbul Dialogues on Islam, Culture and Politics, edited by Seyla Benhabib and Volker Kaul, with a new introduction by Seyla Benhabib (2016)

This volume combines rigorous empirical and theoretical analyses with political engagement to look beyond reductive short-hands that ignore the historical evolution and varieties of Islamic doctrine and that deny the complexities of Muslim societies’ encounters with modernity itself. Are Islam and democracy compatible? Can we shed the language of ‘Islam vs. the West’ for new political imaginaries?

 Citizenship and Accountability in the Transatlantic Community

The Democratic Disconnect: Citizenship and Accountability in the Transatlantic Community, Transatlantic Academy Report, Seyla Benhabib, David Cameron, et. al. (2013)

This report revisits the paradigms of liberalism and democracy, and questions the ways in which liberal and democratic values are expressed domestically and promoted. The authors examine the dynamics of democracy, and the forces and mechanisms that derail or obstruct democratic development, or, alternatively, foster democratic sustainability at the national and international levels. The atrophy observed today in more or less established democracies forces us to revisit the question of how core liberal democratic features can be enhanced. The authors reject the argument that these challenges are merely fleeting or shallow, or that they are simply an ongoing part of democracy’s normal travails. They are new, and they have created novel circumstances that liberal democracies must confront. The focus of the paper lies in the messy and ever-changing world of contemporary liberal democracies in the transatlantic realm as well as on the phenomena of hybrid regimes and democratic regressions.

Dirk Bergemann

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“Markets for Information: An Introduction,” article by Dirk Bergemann and Alessandro Bonatti in  Annual Review of Economics (2019)

In this article, Dirk Bergemann and Alessandro Bonatti survey a recent and growing literature on markets for information. The authors offer a comprehensive view of information markets through an integrated model of consumers, information intermediaries, and firms. The model embeds a large set of applications ranging from sponsored search advertising to credit scores to information sharing among competitors. They then zoom in to one of the critical elements in the markets for information: the design of the information. 

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“Dynamic Mechanism Design: An Introduction,” article by Dirk Bergemann and Juuso Valimaki in Journal of Economic Literature (2019)

In this article, Dirk Bergemann and Juuso Valimaki provide an introduction to the recent developments in dynamic mechanism design, with a primary focus on the quasilinear case. First, they describe socially optimal dynamic mechanisms. Second, they discuss revenue optimal mechanisms. Third, they consider models with changing populations of agents over time.

Paola Bertucci

Artisanal Enlightenment: Science and the Mechanical Arts in Old Regime France (2017)

What would the Enlightenment look like from the perspective of artistes, the learned artisans with esprit, who presented themselves in contrast to philosophers, savants, and routine-bound craftsmen? Making a radical change of historical protagonists, Paola Bertucci places the mechanical arts and the world of making at the heart of the Enlightenment. At a time of great colonial, commercial, and imperial concerns, artistes planned encyclopedic projects and sought an official role in the administration of the French state. The Société des Arts, which they envisioned as a state institution that would foster France’s colonial and economic expansion, was the most ambitious expression of their collective aspirations.

 Perspectives from the 17th to the 20th Century

“Shocking Subjects. Human experiments and the material culture of medical electricity in eighteenth-century England,” chapter in The Uses of Humans in Experiment: Perspectives from the 17th to the 20th Century, edited by Erika Dick and Larry Stewart (2016)

In contemporary Western societies medical patients are accustomed to being tested or treated by means of electrical instruments. Their presence is so familiar that it would be unsettling to enter a hospital or a medical laboratory unfurnished with the high tech apparatus through which research, diagnoses and therapies are routinely carried out. The technologization of medicine has produced systems of trust that rely on black boxed instruments, which profoundly influence contemporary perceptions of the human body and of the self. However, the applications of scientific instruments for medical purposes have a history of debates and controversies.

R Howard Bloch

One Toss of the Dice: The Incredible Story of How a Poem Made Us Modern (2016)

Praising Stéphane Mallarmé’s 1897 poem “Un coup de dés jamais n’abolira le hasard” (translated here as “One Toss of the Dice”) as “the birth certificate of modern poetry,” Bloch (A Needle in the Right Hand of God) meticulously reconstructs the events leading to its composition. He shows how the poem was a synthesis of the poet’s experiences and influences and an “enormous break with the conceptual world in place since the Renaissance” that anticipated developments in painting, music, and dance. Bloch’s analysis of the poem’s verbal and syntactical acrobatics and its resonance with later works is enlightening. For most readers, this book will be an engrossing introduction to a work of literature whose artistic significance the author makes seem inarguable.

Edyta Bojanowska

A World of Empires: The Russian Voyage of the Frigate Pallada (2018)

Many people are familiar with American Commodore Matthew Perry’s expedition to open trade relations with Japan in the early 1850s. Less well known is that on the heels of the Perry squadron followed a Russian expedition secretly on the same mission. Serving as secretary to the naval commander was novelist Ivan Goncharov, who turned his impressions into a book, The Frigate “Pallada”, which became a bestseller in imperial Russia. In A World of Empires, Edyta Bojanowska uses Goncharov’s fascinating travelogue as a window onto global imperial history in the mid-nineteenth century.

Reflecting on encounters in southern Africa’s Cape Colony, Dutch Java, Spanish Manila, Japan, and the British ports of Singapore, Hong Kong, and Shanghai, Goncharov offers keen observations on imperial expansion, cooperation, and competition. Britain’s global ascendancy leaves him in equal measures awed and resentful. In Southeast Asia, he recognizes an increasingly interlocking world in the vibrant trading hubs whose networks encircle the globe. Traveling overland back home, Goncharov presents Russia’s colonizing rule in Siberia as a positive imperial model, contrasted with Western ones.

https://www.ft.com/content/0ee7033e-343c-11e8-a3ae-fd3fd4564aa6

“A Ticket to Europe: Collections of Ukrainian Folk Songs and Their Russian Reviewers, 1820s-1830s,” chapter in Ukraine and Europe: Cultural Alternatives, Encounters, and Negotiations, edited by Giovanna Brogi Bercoff, Marko Pavlyshyn, and Serhii Plokhii (2017)

Ukraine and Europe challenges the popular perception of Ukraine as a country torn between Europe and the east. Twenty-two scholars from Europe, North America, and Australia explore the complexities of Ukraine’s relationship with Europe and its role the continent’s historical and cultural development.

Encompassing literary studies, history, linguistics, and art history, the essays in this volume illuminate the interethnic, interlingual, intercultural, and international relationships that Ukraine has participated in. The volume is divided chronologically into three parts: the early modern era, the 19th and 20th century, and the Soviet/post-Soviet period. Ukraine in Europe offers new and innovative interpretations of historical and cultural moments while establishing a historical perspective for the pro-European sentiments that have arisen in Ukraine following the Euromaidan protests.

“Writing the Russian Reader into the Text: Gogol, Turgenev, and their Audiences,” chapter in Reading in Russia.  Practices of Reading and Literary Communication, 1760-1930, edited by Damiano Rebecchini and Raffaella Vassena (2014)

“Reader, where are you?”, wondered, in the mid-1880s, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, one of the Russian writers that paid the most attention to the readership of his time. Saltykov-Shchedrin’s call did not go unanswered. Over the past two centuries, various disciplines – from the social sciences to psychology, literary criticism, semiotics, historiography and bibliography – alternately tried to outline the specific features of the Russian reader and investigate his function in the history of Russian literary civilization. The essays collected in this volume follow in the tradition but, at the same time, present new challenges to the development of the discipline. 

Marijeta Bozovic

Watersheds: Poetics and Politics of the Danube River, ed. Marijeta Bozovic and Matthew Miller (2015)

The Danube serves as an artery of a culturally diverse geographic region, frustrating attempts to divide Europe from non-Europe, and facilitating the flow of economic and cultural forms of international exchange. Yet the river has attracted little scholarly attention, and what exists too often privileges single disciplinary or national perspectives. Adopting a multidisciplinary approach to the river and its cultural imaginaries, the anthology “Watersheds: Poetics and Politics of the Danube River” remedies this neglect and explores the river as a site of transcultural engagement in the New Europe.

https://news.yale.edu/2016/09/06/watersheds-poetics-and-politics-danube-river

Nabokov’s Canon (2016)

Nabokov’s translation of Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin (1964) and its accompanying Commentary, along with Ada, or Ardor (1969), his densely allusive late English-language novel, have appeared nearly inscrutable to many interpreters of his work. If not outright failures, they are often considered relatively unsuccessful curiosities. In Bozovic’s insightful study, these key texts reveal Nabokov’s ambitions to reimagine a canon of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Western masterpiesces with Russian literature as a central, rather than marginal, strain [of his work].

Nabokov Upside Down (2017), ed. Brian Boyd and Marijeta Bozovic

Nabokov Upside Down brings together essays that explicitly diverge from conventional topics and points of reference when interpreting a writer whose influence on contemporary literature is unrivaled. Scholars from around the world here read Nabokov in terms of bodies rather than minds, belly-laughs rather than erudite wit, servants rather than master-artists, or Asian rather than Western perspectives.

Paul Bracken

 Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics

The Second Nuclear Age: Strategy, Danger, and the New Power Politics

The cold war ended more than two decades ago, and with its end came a reduction in the threat of nuclear weapons―a luxury that we can no longer indulge. It’s not just the threat of Iran getting the bomb or North Korea doing something rash; the whole complexion of global power politics is changing because of the reemergence of nuclear weapons as a vital element of statecraft and power politics. In short, we have entered the second nuclear age. In this provocative and agenda-setting book, Paul Bracken argues that we need to pay renewed attention to nuclear weapons and how their presence will transform the way crises develop and escalate.  Frank in its tone and farsighted in its analysis, The Second Nuclear Age is the essential guide to the new rules of international politics.

David Bromwich

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How Words Make Things Happen (2019)

In How Words Make Things Happen, David Bromwich, a leading literary critic and political commentatorm, explores how words can turn into action. The author offers an enhanced understanding of the effects of language, both intended and inadvertent, and gives interpretations of persuasive and imaginative writing across the genres of philosophy, political oratory, drama, prose fiction, and lyric poetry. Bromwich delves into the words of various speakers and writers, including J.L. Austin, Aristotle, Cicero, William Shakespeare, John Milton, Henry James, Edmund Burke, Abraham Lincoln, Walter Bagehot, W. B. Yeats, W. H. Auden, George Orwell, Salman Rushdie, John Stuart Mill, and Mario Savio

The Intellectual Life of Edmund Burke: From the Sublime and Beautiful to American Independence (2014)

David Bromwich’s portrait of statesman Edmund Burke (1730–1797) is the first biography to attend to the complexity of Burke’s thought as it emerges in both the major writings and private correspondence. The public and private writings cannot be easily dissociated, nor should they be. For Burke—a thinker, writer, and politician—the principles of politics were merely those of morality enlarged. Bromwich reads Burke’s career as an imperfect attempt to organize an honorable life in the dense medium he knew politics to be.

Moral Imagination: Essays (2014)

Spanning many historical and literary contexts, Moral Imagination brings together a dozen recent essays by one of America’s premier cultural critics. David Bromwich explores the importance of imagination and sympathy to suggest how these faculties may illuminate the motives of human action and the reality of justice. These wide-ranging essays address thinkers and topics from Gandhi and Martin Luther King on nonviolent resistance, to the dangers of identity politics, to the psychology of the heroes of classic American literature. Moral Imagination captures the singular voice of one of the most forceful thinkers working in America today.

Molly Brunson

“Aleksei Venetsianov and the Theatricality of Russian Painting,” chapter in Russian Performances: Word, Object, Action, edited by Julie Buckler, Julie Cassiday, and Boris Wolfson (2018)

Throughout its modern history, Russia has seen a succession of highly performative social acts that play out prominently in the public sphere. This innovative volume brings the fields of performance studies and Russian studies into dialog for the first time and shows that performance is a vital means for understanding Russia’s culture from the reign of Peter the Great to the era of Putin. These twenty-seven essays encompass a diverse range of topics, from dance and classical music to live poetry and from viral video to public jubilees and political protest. As a whole they comprise an integrated, compelling intervention in Russian studies.

Russian Realisms: Literature and Painting, 1840-1890 (2016)

By tracing the engagement of literature and painting with aesthetic debates on the sister arts, Brunson argues for a conceptualization of realism that transcends artistic media. Russian Realisms integrates the lesser-known tradition of Russian painting with the familiar masterpieces of Russia’s great novelists, highlighting both the common ground in their struggles for artistic realism and their cultural autonomy and legitimacy.

https://news.yale.edu/2016/09/01/russian-realisms

 

Paul Bushkovitch

A Concise History of Russia (2011)

Accessible to students, tourists and general readers alike, this book provides a broad overview of Russian history since the ninth century. Paul Bushkovitch emphasizes the enormous changes in the understanding of Russian history resulting from the end of the Soviet Union in 1991. Since then, new material has come to light on the history of the Soviet era, providing new conceptions of Russia’s pre-revolutionary past. The book traces not only the political history of Russia, but also developments in its literature, art and science. Bushkovitch describes well-known cultural figures, such as Chekhov, Tolstoy and Mendeleev, in their institutional and historical contexts. Though the 1917 revolution, the resulting Soviet system and the Cold War were a crucial part of Russian and world history, Bushkovitch presents earlier developments as more than just a prelude to Bolshevik power.

“Peter the Great and the Northern War,” in Dominic Lieven, ed., The Cambridge History of Russia.vol. 2 (2006)

From the end of the fifteenth century to Peter’s time the main preoccupation of Russian foreign policy was the competition with Poland-Lithuania for territory and power on the East European plain. Peter’s new war was also a surprise because Russian foreign policy after 1667 had been preoccupied with the Ottoman Empire and its Crimean vassal. In Peter’s time, from the 1670s to 1719, the population grew from some 11 million to about 15.5 million. Russia’s foreign trade grew throughout the century, primarily through Archangel. The final war of Peter’s life was in a totally different direction, and seems to have been entirely commercial in inspiration. Peter’s dreams and Russia’s new position demanded not only a better army and navy, it demanded a new diplomatic corps. Russian culture changed rapidly after about 1650, with knowledge of Polish and Latin spreading among the elite and much geographic knowledge in translation as well.

Peter the Great: the Struggle for Power 1671-1725 (2001)

A narrative of the fifty years of political struggles at the Russian court, 1671–1725. This book shows how Peter the Great was not the all-powerful tsar working alone to reform Russia, but that he colluded with powerful and contentious aristocrats in order to achieve his goals. After the early victory of Peter’s boyar supporters in the 1690s, Peter turned against them and tried to rule through favourites - an experiment which ended in the establishment of a decentralized ‘aristocratic’ administration, followed by an equally aristocratic Senate in 1711. The aristocrats’ hegemony came to an end in the wake of the affair of Peter’s son, Tsarevich Aleksei, in 1718. After that moment Peter ruled through a complex group of favourites, a few aristocrats and appointees promoted through merit, and carried out his most long-lasting reforms. The outcome was a new balance of power at the centre and a new, European, conception of politics.

David Cameron

Canada in the World

Canada in the World: Comparative Perspectives on the Canadian Constitution, edited by Richard Albert and David R. Cameron (2017)

In this volume marking the Sesquicentennial of Confederation in Canada, leading scholars and jurists discuss the evolution of the Canadian Constitution since the British North America Act 1867; the role of the Supreme Court in interpreting the Constitution as a ‘living tree’ capable of application to new legal issues; and the growing influence of both the Constitution, with its entrenched Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the decisions of the Court on other constitutional courts dealing with a wide range of issues pertaining to human rights and democratic government. The contributors assess how the Canadian Constitution accommodates the cultural diversity of the country’s territories and peoples while ensuring the universal applicability of its provisions; the role of the Court in interpreting and applying the Constitution; and the growing global influence of the Constitution and decisions of the Court on legislatures and courts in other countries.

 is the nation state under siege? / edited by David R. Cameron, Gustav Ranis and Annalisa Zinn.

Globalization and Self-Determination: Is the Nation State under Siege? Edited by David R. Cameron, Gustav Ranis, and Annalisa Zinn (2006)

Is the nation state under siege? A common answer is that globalization poses two fundamental threats to state sovereignty. The first concerns the unleashing of centrifugal and centripetal forces - such as increasing market integration and the activities of institutions like the IMF, World Bank, and WTO - that imperil state sovereignty from ‘outside’ the nation state. The second threat emanates from self-determination movements that jeopardize state sovereignty from ‘inside’.

Rigorously analyzing popular hypotheses on globalization’s effect on state sovereignty from a broad social sciences perspective, the authors use empirical evidence to suggest that globalization’s multilevel threats to state sovereignty have been overestimated. In most instances globalization is likely to generate pressure for increased government spending while only one form of market integration - foreign direct investment by multinational enterprises - appears to increase any feeling of economic insecurity.

Francesco Casetti

Early Film Theories in Italy, 1896-1922, edited by Francesco Casetti with Silvio Alovisio and Luca Mazzei (2017)

This collection is the first to bring together scholars to explore the ways in which various people and groups in Italian society reacted to the advent of cinema. Looking at the responses of writers, scholars, clergymen, psychologists, philosophers, members of parliament, and more, the pieces collected here from that period show how Italians developed a common language to describe and discuss this invention that quickly exceeded all expectations and transcended existing categories of thought and artistic forms. The result is a close-up picture of a culture in transition, dealing with a ‘scandalous’ new technology that appeared poised to thoroughly change everyday life.

The Lumière Galaxy

The Lumière Galaxy. Seven Key Words for the Cinema to Come (2015)

Francesco Casetti believes new media technologies are producing an exciting new era in cinema aesthetics. Whether we experience film in the theater, on our hand-held devices, in galleries and museums, onboard and in flight, or up in the clouds in the bits we download, cinema continues to alter our habits and excite our imaginations.

Eye of the Century

Eye of the Century: Film, Experience, Modernity (2008)

Is it true that film in the twentieth century experimented with vision more than any other art form? And what visions did it privilege? In this brilliant book, acclaimed film scholar Francesco Casetti situates the cinematic experience within discourses of twentieth-century modernity. He suggests that film defined a unique gaze, not only because it recorded many of the century’s most important events, but also because it determined the manner in which they were received.
 

Katerina Clark

 Moscow, the Fourth Rome in HARDCOVER

Moscow, the Fourth Rome: Stalinism, Cosmopolitanism, and the Evolution of Soviet Culture, 1931-1941 (2011)

In the early sixteenth century, the monk Filofei proclaimed Moscow the “Third Rome.” By the 1930s, intellectuals and artists all over the world thought of Moscow as a mecca of secular enlightenment. In Moscow, the Fourth Rome, Katerina Clark shows how Soviet officials and intellectuals, in seeking to capture the imagination of leftist and anti-fascist intellectuals throughout the world, sought to establish their capital as the cosmopolitan center of a post-Christian confederation and to rebuild it to become a beacon for the rest of the world.

 

Soviet Culture and Power: A History in Documents, 1917-1953, by Katerina Clark and Evgeny Dobrenko with Andrei Artizov and Oleg Naumov (2007)

Leaders of the Soviet Union, Stalin chief among them, well understood the power of art, and their response was to attempt to control and direct it in every way possible. This book examines Soviet cultural politics from the Revolution to Stalin’s death in 1953. Drawing on a wealth of newly released documents from the archives of the former Soviet Union, the book provides remarkable insight on relations between Gorky, Pasternak, Babel, Meyerhold, Shostakovich, Eisenstein, and many other intellectuals, and the Soviet leadership. Stalin’s role in directing these relations, and his literary judgments and personal biases, will astonish many.

Carolyn J. Dean

The Moral Witness

The Moral Witness: Trials and Testimony after Genocide (2019)

The Moral Witness is the first cultural history of the “witness to genocide” in the West. Carolyn J. Dean shows how the witness became a protagonist of twentieth-century moral culture by tracing the emergence of this figure in courtroom battles from the 1920s to the 1960s—covering the Armenian genocide, the Ukrainian pogroms, the Soviet Gulag, and the trial of Adolf Eichmann. In these trials, witness testimonies differentiated the crime of genocide from war crimes and began to form our understanding of modern political and cultural murder.

Aversion and Erasure

Aversion and Erasure: The Fate of the Victim after the Holocaust (2017)

In Aversion and Erasure, Carolyn J. Dean offers a bold account of how the Holocaust’s status as humanity’s most terrible example of evil has shaped contemporary discourses about victims in the West. Popular and scholarly attention to the Holocaust has led some observers to conclude that a “surfeit of Jewish memory” is obscuring the suffering of other peoples. Dean explores the pervasive idea that suffering and trauma in the United States and Western Europe have become central to identity, with victims competing for recognition by displaying their collective wounds. She argues that this notion has never been examined systematically even though it now possesses the force of self-evidence. Dean’s latest book summons anyone concerned with human rights to recognize the impact of cultural ideals of “deserving” and “undeserving” victims on those who have suffered.

Irina Dolgova

Russian Stage Two: Welcome Back! Textbook by Irina A. Dolgova and Cynthia L. Martin (2010) 

The 2010 Russian Stage Two: Welcome Back! is designed for learners of Russian at the intermediate level who have already completed approximately 130-200 hours of elementary-level instruction.

 

Marcela Echeverri

Indian and Slave Royalists in the Age of Revolution

Indian and Slave Royalists in the Age of Revolution: Reform, Revolution, and Royalism in the Northern Andes, 1780–1825 (2017)

Royalist Indians and slaves in the northern Andes engaged with the ideas of the Age of Revolution (1780–1825), such as citizenship and freedom. Although generally ignored in recent revolution-centered versions of the Latin American independence processes, their story is an essential part of the history of the period. In Indian and Slave Royalists in the Age of Revolution, Marcela Echeverri draws a picture of the royalist region of Popayán (modern-day Colombia) that reveals deep chronological layers and multiple social and spatial textures. She uses royalism as a lens to rethink the temporal, spatial, and conceptual boundaries that conventionally structure historical narratives about the Age of Revolution. Looking at royalism and liberal reform in the northern Andes, she suggests that profound changes took place within the royalist territories. These emerged as a result of the negotiation of the rights of local people, Indians and slaves, with the changing monarchical regime.

Carlos Eire

The Life of Saint Teresa of Avila: A Biography (2019)

The Life of Saint Teresa of Avila is among the most remarkable accounts ever written of the human encounter with the divine. The Life is not really an autobiography at all, but rather a confession written for inquisitors by a nun whose raptures and mystical claims had aroused suspicion. Despite its troubled origins, the book has had a profound impact on Christian spirituality for five centuries, attracting admiration from readers as diverse as mystics, philosophers, artists, psychoanalysts, and neurologists. How did a manuscript once kept under lock and key by the Spanish Inquisition become one of the most inspiring religious books of all time?

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Reformations: The Early Modern World, 1450-1650 (2016)

This fast-paced survey of Western civilization’s transition from the Middle Ages to modernity brings that tumultuous period vividly to life. Carlos Eire, popular professor and gifted writer, chronicles the two-hundred-year era of the Renaissance and Reformation with particular attention to issues that persist as concerns in the present day. Eire connects the Protestant and Catholic Reformations in new and profound ways, and he demonstrates convincingly that this crucial turning point in history not only affected people long gone, but continues to shape our world and define who we are today.

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Learning to Die in Miami: Confessions of a Refugee Boy (2010)

Continuing the personal saga begun in the National Book Award-winning Waiting for Snow in Havana, the inspiring, sad, funny, bafflingly beautiful story of a boy uprooted by the Cuban Revolution and transplanted to Miami during the years of the Kennedy administration. An exorcism and an ode, Learning to Die in Miami is a celebration of renewal—of those times when we’re certain we have died and then are somehow, miraculously, reborn.

Emily Erikson

Chartering Capitalism: Organizing Markets, States, and Publics, edited by Emily Erikson (2015)

This collection of articles features research one distinct organizational form: the chartered company. Chartered companies were commercial and financial organizations formally recognized by state actors, often possessing monopoly privileges to regions or sectors of trade. In addition to being significant domestic actors and the organizational precursors to modern multinationals, the chartered companies were the primary vehicles behind the expansion of European political and economic hegemony, and thus central to the creation of modern global political and economic institutions as well as the global structure of trade and international political relations. 

Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company (2014)

The English East India Company was one of the most powerful and enduring organizations in history. Between Monopoly and Free Trade locates the source of that success in the innovative policy by which the Company’s Court of Directors granted employees the right to pursue their own commercial interests while in the firm’s employ. Exploring trade network dynamics, decision-making processes, and ports and organizational context, Emily Erikson demonstrates why the English East India Company was a dominant force in the expansion of trade between Europe and Asia, and she sheds light on the related problems of why England experienced rapid economic development and how the relationship between Europe and Asia shifted in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Jose-Antonio Espin-Sanchez

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“The Illiquidity of Water Markets: Efficient Institutions for Water Allocation in Southeastern Spain,” research paper by Javier D. Donna and José-Antonio Espín-Sánchez (2018)

This paper shows how the presence of liquidity constraints in farmers can make a market for water inefficient, and discusses under what conditions this would happen and when a system of uniform allocation (quotas) could be more efficient than a market. The co-authors of the paper were awarded the Public Utility Research Center Prize for the best paper in regulatory economics at the 2016 International Industrial Organization Conference (IIOC). 

Paul Franks

 Systematicity, Transcendental Arguments, and Skepticism in German Idealism

All or Nothing: Systematicity, Transcendental Arguments, and Skepticism in German Idealism (2005)

Interest in German Idealism—not just Kant, but Fichte and Hegel as well—has recently developed within analytic philosophy, which traditionally defined itself in opposition to the Idealist tradition. Yet one obstacle remains especially intractable: The Idealists’ longstanding claim that philosophy must be systematic. In this work, the first overview of the German Idealism that is both conceptual and methodological, Paul W. Franks offers a philosophical reconstruction that is true to the movement’s own times and resources and, at the same time, deeply relevant to contemporary thought.

Paul Freedman

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Ten Restaurants That Changed America (2016)

Combining a historian’s rigor with a food enthusiast’s palate, Paul Freedman’s seminal and highly entertaining Ten Restaurants That Changed America reveals how the history of our restaurants reflects nothing less than the history of America itself. Whether charting the rise of our love affair with Chinese food through San Francisco’s fabled Mandarin; evoking the poignant nostalgia of Howard Johnson’s, the beloved roadside chain that foreshadowed the pandemic of McDonald’s; or chronicling the convivial lunchtime crowd at Schrafft’s, the first dining establishment to cater to women’s tastes, Freedman uses each restaurant to reveal a wider story of race and class, immigration and assimilation. 
Food by Paul Freedman

Food: The History of Taste, edited by Paul Freedman (2007)

This richly illustrated book is the first to apply the discoveries of the new generation of food historians to the pleasures of dining and the culinary accomplishments of diverse civilizations, past and present. Editor Paul Freedman has gathered essays by French, German, Belgian, American, and British historians to present a comprehensive, chronological history of taste from prehistory to the present day. 

Bryan Garsten

Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies, by Robert Wokler. Edited by Bryan Garsten (2012)

Robert Wokler was one of the world’s leading experts on Rousseau and the Enlightenment, but some of his best work was published in the form of widely scattered and difficult-to-find essays. This book collects for the first time a representative selection of his most important essays on Rousseau and the legacy of Enlightenment political thought. These essays concern many of the great themes of the age, including liberty, equality, and the origins of revolution. But they also address a number of less prominent debates, including those over cosmopolitanism, the nature and social role of music and the origins of the human sciences in the Enlightenment controversy over the relationship between humans and the great apes.  One of the central themes of the book is a defense of the Enlightenment against the common charge that it bears responsibility for the Terror of the French Revolution, the totalitarian regimes of the twentieth-century and the Holocaust.

Saving Persuasion: A Defense of Rhetoric and Judgment (2009)

In today’s increasingly polarized political landscape it seems that fewer and fewer citizens hold out hope of persuading one another. Even among those who have not given up on persuasion, few will admit to practicing the art of persuasion known as rhetoric. To describe political speech as “rhetoric” today is to accuse it of being superficial or manipulative. In Saving Persuasion, Bryan Garsten uncovers the early modern origins of this suspicious attitude toward rhetoric and seeks to loosen its grip on contemporary political theory. 

John Geanakoplos

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“Inefficient Liquidity Provision,” article by John Geanakoplos and Kieran James Walsh in Economic Theory (2017)

In this article, the authors prove that in competitive market economies with no insurance for idiosyncratic risks, agents will always overinvest in illiquid long-term assets and underinvest in short-term liquid assets. The authors take as their setting the seminal model of Diamond and Dybvig, who first posed the question in a tractable model. 

Progress and Confusion

“The Credit Surface and Monetary Policy”, chapter in Progress and Confusion: The State of Macroeconmic Policy, edited by Olivier Blanchard, Raghuram Rajan, Kenneth Rogoff, and Lawrence H. Summers (2016)

What will economic policy look like once the global financial crisis is finally over? Will it resume the pre-crisis consensus, or will it be forced to contend with a post-crisis “new normal”? Have we made progress in addressing these issues, or does confusion remain? In April of 2015, the International Monetary Fund gathered leading economists, both academics and policymakers, to address the shape of future macroeconomic policy. This book is the result, with prominent figures offering essays that address topics that range from the measurement of systemic risk to foreign exchange intervention.

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“Financial Innovation, Collateral, and Investment,” article by Ana Fostel and John Geanakoplos in American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics (2015)

Financial innovations that change how promises are collateralized affect prices and investment, even in the absence of any change in fundamentals. In C-models, the ability to leverage an asset always generates overinvestment compared to Arrow-Debreu. Credit Default Swaps always leads to underinvestment with respect to Arrow-Debreu, and in some cases even robustly destroy competitive equilibrium. The need for collateral would seem to cause underinvestment. This analysis illustrates a countervailing force: goods that serve as collateral yield additional services and can therefore be over-valued and over-produced. In models without cash flow problems there is never marginal underinvestment on collateral.

Marion Gehlker

Annotated Reader for Caroline Link’s filmbook Jenseits der Stille.  By Marion Gehlker and Birte Christ (2010) 

Caroline Link’s Jenseits der Stille is the story of Lara, a girl with two deaf parents who is given a clarinet by her favorite aunt.  As she hones her natural talent and becomes a skillful musician, Lara feels more distant from her parents.

By adapting this novel for use in the second and third year German classroom, the editors introduce students to contemporary texts of moderate difficulty and allow them to discuss these texts within their historical and cultural contexts.

Annotated Reader for Barbara Honigmann’s novel Eine Liebe aus nichts. By Marion Gehlker and Birte Christ (2008)

Barbara Honigmann’s Eine Liebe aus nichts tells the story of a young expatriate’s journey back to Weimar to attend her father’s funeral. As the narrator remembers her father’s life, she explores her own past and relates her struggle to establish new roots following her emigration from Berlin to Paris. In its portrayal of a young woman’s complex relationship with her father, the novella offers a rich account of German-Jewish history and of the search for identity in the shadow of World War II.

This reader is designed for intermediate and advanced German classes. In addition to English glosses of challenging words, annotations are presented alongside the original German text and provide information about cultural and literary contexts. This edition also offers

Harvey Goldblatt

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“The Ukrainian Language in the Context of the Study of Sacred and Vulgar Tongues in Orthodox Slavdom,” article in Harvard Ukrainian Studies (2007)

This study examines various aspects of Orthodox Slavic linguistic consciousness in general, as well as East Slavic language speculation in particular, against the broader background of the shifting perceptions in European culture that evolved during the Middle Ages, through the period of humanism and the Renaissance, in the age of the ideological conflict between the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation, and finally during the period prior to the age of the Slavic national revivals.

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“Variance and Invariance in Cyrillo-Methodian Hagiographic Writings,” article in Festschrift for Norman W. Ingham, Russian History (2006) 

This study provides a contribution to what D.S. Likhachev would have termed the “artistic peculiarities” of Cyrillo-Methodian hagiographic writings and their relation to the “rules of the game” that underpin the “literary system” of medieval Slavic literature.

Bruce Gordon

John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion: A Biography (2016)

John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion is a defining book of the Reformation and a pillar of Protestant theology. First published in Latin in 1536 and in Calvin’s native French in 1541, the Institutes argues for the majesty of God and for justification by faith alone. The book decisively shaped Calvinism as a major religious and intellectual force in Europe and throughout the world. Here, Bruce Gordon provides an essential biography of Calvin’s influential and enduring theological masterpiece, tracing the diverse ways it has been read and interpreted from Calvin’s time to today.

Calvin (2011)

During the glory days of the French Renaissance, young John Calvin (1509-1564) experienced a profound conversion to the faith of the Reformation. For the rest of his days he lived out the implications of that transformation—as exile, inspired reformer, and ultimately the dominant figure of the Protestant Reformation. Calvin’s vision of the Christian religion has inspired many volumes of analysis, but this engaging biography examines a remarkable life. Bruce Gordon presents Calvin as a human being, a man at once brilliant, arrogant, charismatic, unforgiving, generous, and shrewd.

Philip Gorski

American Covenant: A History of Civil Religion from the Puritans to the Present (2017)

Was the United States founded as a Christian nation or a secular democracy? Neither, argues Philip Gorski in American Covenant. What the founders actually envisioned was a prophetic republic that would weave together the ethical vision of the Hebrew prophets and the Western political heritage of civic republicanism. In this ambitious book, Gorski shows why this civil religious tradition is now in peril—and with it the American experiment.

“Religion, Nationalism, and Violence: An Integrated Approach,” article in Annual Review of Sociology (2013)

Scholarly work on the nexus of religion, nationalism, and violence is currently fragmented along disciplinary and theoretical lines. In sociology, history, and anthropology, a macro-culturalist approach reigns; in political science, economics, and international relations, a micro-rationalist approach is dominant. Recent attempts at a synthesis ignore religion or fold it into ethnicity. A coherent synthesis capable of adequately accounting for religious-nationalist violence must not only integrate micro and macro, cultural and strategic approaches; it must also include a meso level of elite conflict and boundary maintenance and treat the religious field as potentially autonomous from the cultural field.

Timothy Guinnane

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“Social class and the fertility transition: a critical comment on the statistical results reported in Simon Szreter’s Fertility, class and gender in Britain, 1860–1940,” article by Geoffrey A. Barnes and Timothy W. Guinnane in Economic History Review (2012)

Simon Szreter’s book Fertility, class and gender in Britain, 1860–1940 argues that social and economic class fails to explain the cross‐sectional differences in marital fertility as reported in the 1911 census of England and Wales. Szreter’s conclusion made the book immediately influential, and it remains so. This finding matters a great deal for debates about the causes of the European fertility decline of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. For decades scholars have argued whether the main forces at work were ideational or social and economic. This note reports a simple graphical and statistical re‐analysis of Szreter’s own data. The authors show that social class does explain cross‐sectional differences in English marital fertility in 1911.

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“State Support for the German Cooperative Movement, 1860-1914,” article in Central European History (2012)

Germany’s cooperative movement grew and thrived from its inception in the late 1840s to World War I and beyond. Cooperatives were divided along several lines, and perhaps the most serious point of contention concerned the role of the state in the movement. Cooperative leaders in the two decades before World War I especially debated whether they should accept direct grants and subsidized credit from the Reich and the Länder. The several parts of the cooperative movement construed the question differently; much internecine conflict turned on the answers. 

Leslie Harkema

 From Miguel de Unamuno to La Joven Literatura

Spanish Modernism and the Poetics of Youth: From Miguel de Unamuno to La Joven Literatura (2018)

In Spanish Modernism and the Poetics of Youth: From Miguel de Unamuno to La Joven Literatura, Leslie Harkema analyzes the literature of the modernist period in Spain in light of the emergence of youth culture in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.  Harkema argues for the prominent role played by Miguel de Unamuno—as a poet, essayist, and public figure—in Spanish writers’ response to this phenomenon. She demonstrates how early twentieth-century Spanish literature participated in the glorification of adolescence and questioning of Bildung seen elsewhere in European modernism, in ways that were not only aesthetic but also political. 

Maria Kaliambou

 Greek Folktales for Learning Modern Greek, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Routledge Modern Greek Reader: Greek Folktales for Learning Modern Greek (2015)

The Routledge Modern Greek Reader has been specially designed for post-beginners to advanced learners of Greek. Written by an experienced instructor, this innovative reader offers both students and teachers of Modern Greek the pedagogical tools to utilise richly textured folktale material in a language class. Students can develop their linguistic skills while simultaneously engaging with the broader social and cultural context of the language.

Alice Kaplan

Looking for The Stranger: Albert Camus and the Life of a Literary Classic (2016)

The Stranger is a rite of passage for readers around the world. Since its publication in France in 1942, Camus’s novel has been translated into sixty languages and sold more than six million copies. It’s the rare novel that’s as at likely to be found in a teen’s backpack as in a graduate philosophy seminar. If the twentieth century produced a novel that could be called ubiquitous, The Stranger is it. How did a young man in his twenties who had never written a novel turn out a masterpiece that still grips readers more than seventy years later? With Looking for “The Stranger”, Alice Kaplan tells that story. 

Dreaming in French: The Paris Years of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, Susan Sontag, and Angela Davis (2013)

A year in Paris … since World War II, countless American students have been lured by that vision—and been transformed by their sojourn in the City of Light. Dreaming in French tells three stories of that experience, and how it changed the lives of three extraordinary American women. 

David Kastan

 Shakespeare and Religion

A Will to Believe: Shakespeare and Religion (2014)

On 19 December 1601, John Croke, then Speaker of the House of Commons, addressed his colleagues: “If a question should be asked, What is the first and chief thing in a Commonwealth to be regarded? I should say, religion. If, What is the second? I should say, religion. If, What the third? I should still say, religion.” But if religion was recognized as the “chief thing in a Commonwealth,” we have been less certain what it does in Shakespeare’s plays. Written and performed in a culture in which religion was indeed inescapable, the plays have usually been seen either as evidence of Shakespeare’s own disinterested secularism or, more recently, as coded signposts to his own sectarian commitments. Based upon the inaugural series of the Oxford-Wells Shakespeare Lectures in 2008, this book offers a thoughtful, surprising, and often moving consideration of how religion actually functions in them: not as keys to Shakespeare’s own faith but as remarkably sensitive registers of the various ways in which religion charged the world in which he lived. 

Remembering Shakespeare, by David Scott Kastan and Kathryn James (2012)

“To be or not to be.” “My kingdom for a horse.” “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day.” How is it that Shakespeare is so well remembered? In this richly illustrated book, David Scott Kastan and Kathryn James explore Yale University’s extraordinary collection of works by or relating to William Shakespeare. They chart the winding course by which the playwright has been remembered, often in unexpected ways, for some four centuries.

Paul Kennedy

Engineers of Victory by Paul Kennedy

Engineers of Victory: The Problem Solvers Who Turned the Tide in the Second World War (2013)

Paul Kennedy, award-winning author of The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers and one of today’s most renowned historians, now provides a new and unique look at how World War II was won. Engineers of Victory is a fascinating nuts-and-bolts account of the strategic factors that led to Allied victory. Kennedy reveals how the leaders’ grand strategy was carried out by the ordinary soldiers, scientists, engineers, and businessmen responsible for realizing their commanders’ visions of success.

The Parliament of Man by Paul Kennedy

The Parliament of Man: The Past, Present, and Future of the United Nations (2006)

The Parliament of Man is the first definitive history of the United Nations, from one of America’s greatest living historians. Distinguished scholar Paul Kennedy, author of the bestselling The Rise and Fall of Great Powers, gives us a thorough and timely account that explains the UN’s roots and functions while also casting an objective eye on its effectiveness and its prospects for success in meeting the challenges that lie ahead. Kennedy shows the UN for what it is: fallible, human-based, often dependent on the whims of powerful national governments or the foibles of individual administrators—yet also utterly indispensable. With his insightful grasp of six decades of global history, Kennedy convincingly argues that “it is difficult to imagine how much more riven and ruinous our world of six billion people would be if there had been no UN.”

John MacKay

Dziga Vertov: Life and Work (Volume 1: 1896-1921) (2018)

Largely forgotten during the last 20 years of his life, the Soviet filmmaker Dziga Vertov (1896-1954) has occupied a singular and often controversial position over the pasty sixty years as a founding figure of documentary, avant-gard and political-propaganda film practice. Creator of “Man with a Movie Camera” (1929), perhaps the most celebrated non-fiction film ever made, Vertov is equally renowned as the most militant opponent of the canons of mainstream filmmaking in the history of cinema. This book, the first of a three-volume study, addresses Vertov’s youth in the largely Jewish city of Bialystok, his education in Petrograd, his formative years of involvement in filmmaking, his experiences during the Russian Civil War, and his interests in music, poetry and technology.

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True Songs of Freedom: Uncle Tom’s Cabin in Russian Culture and Society (2013)

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s 1852 antislavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin was the nineteenth century’s best-selling novel worldwide; only the Bible outsold it. It was known not only as a book but through stage productions, films, music, and commercial advertising as well. But how was Stowe’s novel—one of the watershed works of world literature—actually received outside of the American context? True Songs of Freedom explores one vital sphere of Stowe’s influence: Russia and the Soviet Union, from the 1850s to the present day.

Lawrence Manley

Lord Strange’s Men and Their Plays by Lawrence Manley and Sally-Beth MacLean (2014)

For a brief period in the late Elizabethan Era an innovative company of players dominated the London stage. A fellowship of dedicated thespians, Lord Strange’s Men established their reputation by concentrating on “modern matter” performed in a spectacular style, exploring new modes of impersonation, and deliberately courting controversy. Though their theatrical reign was relatively short lived, Lord Strange’s Men helped to define the dramaturgy of the period. Lawrence Manley and Sally-Beth MacLean offer the first complete account of the troupe and its enormous influence on Elizabethan theater. 
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“Popular Culture in Early Modern London,” in Andrew Hadfield, Matthew Dimmock and Abigail Shinn, eds., The Ashgate Research Companion to Popular Culture in Early Modern England (2014)

This comprehensive, interdisciplinary research companion is an essential resource for scholars of early modern history and culture. For the first time a detailed consideration of the scope of early modern popular culture in England is collected in one volume, highlighting the interplay of ‘low’ and ‘high’ modes of cultural production. Issues as disparate as reading cultures, games, food and drink, time, textiles, religious belief and festivals are discussed, allowing the authors to examine how popular culture impacted upon the everyday lives and experiences of individuals and groups.
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“Shakespeare and the Golden Fleece,” in Ellen Rosand, ed., Readying Cavalli’s Operas for the Stage (2013)

After more than three centuries of silence, the voice of Francesco Cavalli is being heard loud and clear on the operatic stages of the world. The coincidence of productions at La Scala (Milan) and Covent Garden (London) in the same month (September 2008) of two different operas signals a new stage in the recovery of these extraordinary works, confined until now to special venues committed to ‘early music’-opera festivals, conservatory, and university productions. The works of the composer who is credited with having invented the genre of opera as we know it are finally enjoying a renaissance. A new edition of Cavalli’s twenty-eight operas is in preparation, and the composer and his works are at the center of a great deal of new scholarship ranging from the study of sources and production issues to the cultural context of opera of this period. In the face of such burgeoning interest, this collection of essays considers the Cavalli revival from various points of view.

Karuna Mantena

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“On Gandhi’s Critique of the State: Sources, Contexts, Conjunctures,” article in Modern Intellectual History (2012)

Gandhi’s critique of the modern state was central to his political thinking. It served as a pivotal hinge between Gandhi’s anticolonialism and his theory of politics and was given striking institutional form in his vision of decentralized peasant democracy. This essay explores the origins and implications of Gandhian antistatism by situating it within a genealogy of early twentieth-century political pluralism, specifically British and Indian pluralist criticism of state sovereignty and centralization. 

Alibis of Empire: Henry Maine and the Ends of Liberal Imperialism (2010)

Alibis of Empire presents a novel account of the origins, substance, and afterlife of late imperial ideology. Karuna Mantena challenges the idea that Victorian empire was primarily legitimated by liberal notions of progress and civilization. In fact, as the British Empire gained its farthest reach, its ideology was being dramatically transformed by a self-conscious rejection of the liberal model. The collapse of liberal imperialism enabled a new culturalism that stressed the dangers and difficulties of trying to “civilize” native peoples. And, hand in hand with this shift in thinking was a shift in practice toward models of indirect rule. As Mantena shows, the work of Victorian legal scholar Henry Maine was at the center of these momentous changes.

Ivan Marcus

“Sefer Hasidim” and the Ashkenazic Book in Medieval Europe (2018)

Composed in Germany in the early thirteenth century by Judah ben Samuel he-hasid, Sefer Hasidim, or “Book of the Pietists,” is a compendium of religious instruction that portrays the everyday life of Jews as they lived together with and apart from Christians in towns such as Speyer, Worms, Mainz, and Regensburg. A charismatic religious teacher who recorded hundreds of original stories that mirrored situations in medieval social living, Judah’s messages advocated praying slowly and avoiding honor, pleasure, wealth, and the lures of unmarried sex. Although he failed to enact his utopian vision of a pietist Jewish society, his collected writings would help shape the religious culture of Ashkenazic Judaism for centuries. In “Sefer Hasidim” and the Ashkenazic Book in Medieval Europe, Ivan G. Marcus proposes a new paradigm for understanding how this particular book was composed. 

Jewish Culture and Society in Medieval France and Germany (2014)

These studies explore the history of the Jewish minority of Ashkenaz (northern France and the German Empire) during the High Middle Ages. Although the Jews in medieval Europe are usually thought to have been isolated from the Christian majority, they actually were part of a ‘Jewish-Christian symbiosis.’ A number of studies in the collection focus on Jewish-Christian cultural and social interactions, the foundations of the community ascribed to Charlemagne, and especially on the fashioning of a martyrological collective identity in 1096.

Millicent Marcus

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Italian Film in the Shadow of Auschwitz (2009)

The last decade has witnessed an outpouring of Italian films that deal with Fascism, anti-Semitism and the Holocaust. This would appear to mark a distinct change from the postwar reluctance to represent such an infamous history. Roberto Benigni’s popular Life is Beautiful (1997) is an obvious example, but there have been a number of other works that have not been exported that also attest to a distinct tendency within Italian domestic production to address the issue. Millicent Marcus’s Italian Film in the Shadow of Auschwitz looks at this development, attributing the new acceptance not only to an international film sensation, but to a domestic cultural climate at once receptive to Holocaust representation, and ready to produce its own forms of historical testimony.

Isabela Mares

From Open Secrets to Secret Voting: Democratic Electoral Reforms and Voter Autonomy (2015)

The expansion of suffrage and the introduction of elections are momentous political changes that represent only the first steps in the process of democratization. In the absence of institutions that protect the electoral autonomy of voters against a range of actors who seek to influence voting decisions, political rights can be just hollow promises. This book examines the adoption of electoral reforms that protected the autonomy of voters during elections and sought to minimize undue electoral influences over decisions made at the ballot box. Empirically, it focuses on the adoption of reforms protecting electoral secrecy in Imperial Germany during the period between 1870 and 1912. The book provides a micro-historical analysis of the democratization of electoral practices, by showing how changes in district level economic and political conditions contributed to the formation of an encompassing political coalition supporting the adoption of electoral reforms.

Taxation, Wage Bargaining, and Unemployment (2006)

Why were European economies able to pursue the simultaneous commitment to full employment and welfare state expansion during the first decades of the postwar period and why did this virtuous relationship break down during recent decades? This book provides an answer to this question, by highlighting the critical importance of a political exchange between unions and governments, premised on wage moderation in exchange for the expansion of social services and transfers. The strategies pursued by these actors in these political exchanges are influenced by existing wage bargaining institutions, the character of monetary policy and by the level and composition of social policy transfers. The book demonstrates that the gradual growth in the fiscal burden has undermined the effectiveness of this political exchange, lowering the ability of unions’ wage policies to affect employment outcomes.

The Politics of Social Risk: Business and Welfare State Development (2003)

When and why have employers supported the development of institutions of social insurance that provide benefits to workers for various employment-related risks? What factors explain the variation in the social policy preferences of employers? This book provides a systematic evaluation of the role played by business in the development of the modern welfare state. Isabela Mares studies these critical questions and demonstrates that major social policies were adopted by cross-class alliances comprising labor-based organizations and key sectors of the business community.

Stefanie Markovits

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The Victorian Verse-Novel: Aspiring to Life (2017)

The Victorian Verse-Novel: Aspiring to Life considers the rise of a hybrid generic form, the verse-novel, in the second half of the nineteenth century. Such poems combined epic length with novelistic plots in the attempt to capture not a heroic past but the quotidian present. Victorian verse-novels also tended to be rough-mixed, their narrative sections interspersed with shorter, lyrical verses in varied measures. In flouting the rules of contemporary genre theory, which saw poetry as the purview of the eternal and ideal and relegated the everyday to the domain of novelistic prose, verse-novels proved well suited to upsetting other hierarchies, as well, including those of gender and class. 
 
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The Crimean War in the British Imagination (2009)

The Crimean War not only gave us the cardigan, the balaclava, the Crimean beard and a generation of girls named Alma, it also unleashed considerable artistic and literary creativity. From Tennyson’s epic poem, The Charge of the Light Brigade, to Lady Butler’s The Roll Call, the words and images created in response to this conflict have occupied an enduring place in the British imagination. So it is perhaps puzzling that this book, part of the Cambridge Studies in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture series, is the first to take the cultural impact of the war as its main theme.

Alan Mikhail

 The Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Environmental History

Under Osman’s Tree: The Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Environmental History (2017)

Osman, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, had a dream in which a tree sprouted from his navel. As the tree grew, its shade covered the earth; as Osman’s empire grew, it, too, covered the earth. This is the most widely accepted foundation myth of the longest-lasting empire in the history of Islam, and offers a telling clue to its unique legacy. Underlying every aspect of the Ottoman Empire’s epic history—from its founding around 1300 to its end in the twentieth century—is its successful management of natural resources. Under Osman’s Tree analyzes this rich environmental history to understand the most remarkable qualities of the Ottoman Empire—its longevity, politics, economy, and society.

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The Animal in Ottoman Egypt (2013)

Since humans first emerged as a distinct species, they have eaten, fought, prayed, and moved with other animals. In this stunningly original and conceptually rich book, historian Alan Mikhail puts the history of human-animal relations at the center of transformations in the Ottoman Empire from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries.
 
Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt

Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History (2011)

In one of the first ever environmental histories of the Ottoman Empire, Alan Mikhail examines relations between the empire and its most lucrative province of Egypt. Based on both the local records of various towns and villages in rural Egypt and the imperial orders of the Ottoman state, this book charts how changes in the control of natural resources fundamentally altered the nature of Ottoman imperial sovereignty in Egypt and throughout the empire. In revealing how Egyptian peasants were able to use their knowledge and experience of local environments to force the hand of the imperial state, Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt tells a story of the connections of empire stretching from canals in the Egyptian countryside to the palace in Istanbul, from the forests of Anatolia to the shores of the Red Sea, and from a plague flea’s bite to the fortunes of one of the most powerful states of the early modern world.

Samuel Moyn

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Not Enough: Human Rights in an Unequal World (2018)

The age of human rights has been kindest to the rich. Even as state violations of political rights garnered unprecedented attention due to human rights campaigns, a commitment to material equality disappeared. In its place, market fundamentalism has emerged as the dominant force in national and global economies. In this provocative book, Samuel Moyn analyzes how and why we chose to make human rights our highest ideals while simultaneously neglecting the demands of a broader social and economic justice.
 
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The Right to Have Rights, by Alastair Hunt, Lida Maxwell, Samuel Moyn, and Stephanie DeGooyer (2017)

Sixty years ago, the political theorist Hannah Arendt, an exiled Jew deprived of her German citizenship, observed that before people can enjoy any of the “inalienable” Rights of Man—before there can be any specific rights to education, work, voting, and so on—there must first be such a thing as “the right to have rights.” The concept received little attention at the time, but in our age of mass deportations, Muslim bans, refugee crises, and extra-state war, the phrase has become the center of a crucial and lively debate. Here five leading thinkers from varied disciplines—including history, law, politics, and literary studies—discuss the critical basis of rights and the meaning of radical democratic politics today.

Christian Human Rights
In Christian Human Rights, Samuel Moyn asserts that the rise of human rights after World War II was prefigured and inspired by a defense of the dignity of the human person that first arose in Christian churches and religious thought in the years just prior to the outbreak of the war. The Roman Catholic Church and transatlantic Protestant circles dominated the public discussion of the new principles in what became the last European golden age for the Christian faith. At the same time, West European governments after World War II, particularly in the ascendant Christian Democratic parties, became more tolerant of public expressions of religious piety. Human rights rose to public prominence in the space opened up by these dual developments of the early Cold War.

Constantine Muravnik

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“Nabokov’s Philosophy of Art,” in Nabokov Studies (2017)

This essay is an attempt to infer and systematize Nabokov’s philosophy of art. Constantine Muravnik uses the phrase “philosophy of art” in two senses: one refers to the philosophical study of art, that is, the relation of art to aesthetics, ethics, and metaphysics; the other to the ontological foundation of artistic production. Consequently, Nabokov’s philosophy of art simultaneously stands for a study of the philosophical aspects of his oeuvre, including his own theoretical statements on art and the network of affinities with certain aesthetic theories, as well as for a transcendental deduction of the original and practical source of his artistic genius.

Living Language Russian, Essential Edition: Beginner through Advanced course (2013)

The Essential package is a unique multimedia introduction to Russian.
At the core of Russian, Essential Edition is the Living Language Method™, based on linguistic science, proven techniques, and over 65 years of experience. 

Isaac Nakhimovsky

Markets, Morals, Politics: Jealousy of Trade and the History of Political Thought, ed. Béla Kapossy, Isaac Nakhimovsky, Sophus A. Reinert, Richard Whatmore (2018)

When Istvan Hont died in 2013, the world lost a giant of intellectual history. A leader of the Cambridge School of Political Thought, Hont argued passionately for a global-historical approach to political ideas. To better understand the development of liberalism, he looked not only to the works of great thinkers but also to their reception and use amid revolution and interstate competition. His innovative program of study culminated in the landmark 2005 book Jealousy of Trade, which explores the birth of economic nationalism and other social effects of expanding eighteenth-century markets. Markets, Morals, Politics brings together a celebrated cast of Hont’s contemporaries to assess his influence, ideas and methods.

Commerce and Peace in the Enlightenment (2017), ed. Béla Kapossy, Isaac Nakhimovsky, Richard Whatmore

For many Enlightenment thinkers, discerning the relationship between commerce and peace was the central issue of modern politics. This volume showcases the variety and the depth of approaches to economic rivalry and the rise of public finance that characterized Enlightenment discussions of international politics. It presents a fundamental reassessment of these debates about ‘perpetual peace’ and their legacy in the history of political thought.

The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte (2011)

This book presents an important new account of Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s Closed Commercial State, a major early nineteenth-century development of Rousseau and Kant’s political thought. Isaac Nakhimovsky shows how Fichte reformulated Rousseau’s constitutional politics and radicalized the economic implications of Kant’s social contract theory with his defense of the right to work. Nakhimovsky argues that Fichte’s sequel to Rousseau and Kant’s writings on perpetual peace represents a pivotal moment in the intellectual history of the pacification of the West.

Robert Nelson

 Art and Liturgy at St. Catherine’s Monastery in the Sinai

Approaching the Holy Mountain: Art and Liturgy at St. Catherine’s Monastery in the Sinai, Sharon Gerstel and Robert Nelson (eds.) (2011)

The first comprehensive study of the monastery of St Catherine at Mt Sinai in its full historical, art historical, and religious dimensions, the nineteen collected essays in Approaching the Holy Mountain provide a unique view of the longest continuously inhabited Christian monastery. As an important pilgrimage site, Sinai enjoyed an international reputation in the Middle Ages. The monastery also benefited from regional connections to Egypt and the Holy Land. The essays in this volume examine the pilgrims, monks, artists, builders, and scholars who came to the mountain and left their marks on the monastery and its holdings, as well as the image of the monastery that was promoted outside of Sinai.

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The Old Testament in Byzantium, Paul Magdalino and Robert S. Nelson (eds.) (2010)

This volume contains selected papers from a December 2006 Dumbarton Oaks symposium that complemented an exhibition of early Bible manuscripts at the Freer Gallery and Sackler Gallery of Art titled “In the Beginning: Bibles before the Year 1000.” Speakers were invited to examine the use of the Greek Old Testament as a text, social practice, and cultural experience in the Byzantine Empire. Not only are reminiscences of the Old Testament ubiquitous in Byzantine literature and art, but the Byzantine people also revered and identified with Old Testament role models. The Old Testament connected Byzantium not only with its Christian neighbors but with Jewish and Muslim peoples as well. This widespread phenomenon has never received systematic investigation. The Old Testament in Byzantium considers the manifestations of the holy books in Byzantine manuscript illustration, architecture, and government, as well as in Jewish Bible translations and the construction of Muhammad’s character.

William Nordhaus

Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Nordhaus, William D., Stephen A. Merrill, and Paul T. Beaton, eds (2013)

The U.S. Congress charged the National Academies with conducting a review of the Internal Revenue Code to identify the types of and specific tax provisions that have the largest effects on carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions and to estimate the magnitude of those effects. To address such a broad charge, the National Academies appointed a committee composed of experts in tax policy, energy and environmental modeling, economics, environmental law, climate science, and related areas.

The Climate Casino: Risk, Uncertainty, and Economics for a Warming World (2013)

Climate change is profoundly altering our world in ways that pose major risks to human societies and natural systems. We have entered the Climate Casino and are rolling the global-warming dice, warns economist William Nordhaus. But there is still time to turn around and walk back out of the casino, and in this essential book the author explains how.

 
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Technological Change to Promote a Low Carbon Economy, ed. with Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Energy Economics, Special Issue (2011)

To address the issues involved in the dynamics of technological change to combat global warming, the editors of this special issue convened a pair of workshops on the subject. The workshops were co-hosted by the Energy Modeling Forum summer workshops in Snowmass, Colorado, in August 2008 and August 2009. The workshops addressed key issues from various perspectives: the underlying science and engineering, economic theory, modeling, entrepreneurship, policy instruments, and case studies. The purpose was to develop insights that will help policymakers, analysts, businesses, and governments as they consider various approaches to support technology and policy in this area. The papers in this volume were presented and discussed at both workshops; several of the discussants also prepared remarks, which we have included to provide perspective on the papers. 

Paul North

Cover of The Yield by Paul North

The Yield: Kafka’s Atheological Reformation (2015)

The Yield is a once-in-a-generation reinterpretation of the oeuvre of Franz Kafka. At the same time, it is a powerful new entry in the debates about the supposed secularity of the modern age. Kafka is one of the most admired writers of the last century, but this book presents us with a Kafka few will recognize. It does so through a fine-grained analysis of the three hundred “thoughts” the writer penned near the end of World War I, when he had just been diagnosed with tuberculosis.

Messianic Thought Outside Theology

Messianic Thought Outside Theology, edited by Anna Glazova and Paul North (2014)

Why did a “secularized” concept of messianicity seem so crucial in the twentieth century? Are messianic structures intelligible outside the theological systems in which they were invented? This book seeks to situate the ethical, ontological, and literary adoptions of messianism within the broader contours of messianic thought.
 
Cover of The Problem of Distraction by Paul North

The Problem of Distraction (2011)

We live in an age of distraction. Contemporary analyses of culture, politics, techno-science, and psychology insist on this. They often suggest remedies for it, or ways to capitalize on it. Yet they almost never investigate the meaning and history of distraction itself. This book corrects this lack of attention. It inquires into the effects of distraction, defined not as the opposite of attention, but as truly discontinuous intellect. Human being has to be reconceived, according to this argument, not as quintessentially thought-bearing, but as subject to repeated, causeless blackouts of mind.

Cormac O’Dea

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“Why are Households that Report the Lowest Incomes So Well‐off?” article in The Economic Journal by Mike Brewer, Ben Etheridge, and Cormac O’Dea (2017)

The authors of this article document that households in the UK with extremely low measured income tend to spend much more than those with merely moderately low income. This phenomenon is evident throughout three decades worth of microdata and across different employment states, levels of education and marital statuses. Of the likely explanations, the authors provide several arguments that discount over‐reporting of expenditure and argue that under‐reporting of income plays the major role.

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“Do the rich save more? Evidence from linked survey and administrative data,” article in Oxford Economic Papers by Antoine Bozio, Carl Emmerson, Cormac O’Dea, and Gemma Tetlow (2017)

The nature of the relationship between lifetime income and saving rates is a longstanding empirical question and one that has been surprisingly difficult to answer. The authors use a new data set containing both individual survey data on wealth holdings and administrative data on earnings histories to examine this question. They find, for a sample of English households, evidence of a positive relationship between the rate of private wealth accumulation and levels of lifetime earnings. 

“Discount rate heterogeneity among older households: a puzzle?” article in Journal of Population Economics by Antoine Bozio, Guy Laroque, and Cormac O’Dea (2017)

In this article, the authors put forward a method for estimating discount rates using wealth and income data. They build consumption from these data using the budget constraint. Consumption transitions yield discount rates by household groups. Applying this technique to a sample of older households, the authors find a similar distribution to those previously estimated using field data, though with a much lower mean than those found using experiments. Surprisingly, among this older population, patience is negatively correlated with education and numeracy. This goes against the positive correlation found for younger populations in experiments and some field studies. The authors discuss potential explanations for this result.

Giulia Oskian

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“Tocqueville and the Legal Culture of Jacksonian America,” article in Journal of the Early Republic (2019)

This article reconstructs the influence of American lawyers on Tocqueville’s thought. By placing Tocqueville’s well-known reflections on the role of lawyers in American democracy in the context of the 1820s-30s debates about the trial by jury and the issue of codification, and shedding light over the underexplored thought of one of Tocqueville’s main sources, Edward Livingston of Louisiana, the article advances a new interpretation of Democracy in America’s considerations about the legal spirit and the dialectics between judicial institutions and democratic society.
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Tocqueville and the Legal Basis of Democracy (2014), in Italian

Giulia Oskian’s book Tocqueville and the Legal Basis of Democracy was published in Italian and is now being translated into English. The book rediscovers the philosophy and constitutional theory contained in Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville and illustrates the significant contribution that this work can make to the current debate on the problems of democracy.

Mark Peterson

The City-State of Boston: The Rise and Fall of an Atlantic Power, 1630-1865 (2019)

In the vaunted annals of America’s founding, Boston has long been held up as an exemplary “city upon a hill” and the “cradle of liberty” for an independent United States. Wresting this iconic urban center from these misleading, tired clichés, The City-State of Boston highlights Boston’s overlooked past as an autonomous city-state, and in doing so, offers a pathbreaking and brilliant new history of early America.

David Quint

Virgil’s Double Cross: Design and Meaning in the Aeneid (2018)

The message of Virgil’s Aeneid once seemed straightforward enough: the epic poem returned to Aeneas and the mythical beginnings of Rome in order to celebrate the city’s present world power and to praise its new master, Augustus Caesar. Things changed when late twentieth-century readers saw the ancient poem expressing their own misgivings about empire and one-man rule. In this timely book, David Quint depicts a Virgil who consciously builds contradiction into the Aeneid. The literary trope of chiasmus, reversing and collapsing distinctions, returns as an organizing signature in Virgil’s writing: a double cross for the reader inside the Aeneid’s story of nation, empire, and Caesarism.

Inside Paradise Lost: Reading the Designs of Milton’s Epic (2014)

Inside “Paradise Lost” opens up new readings and ways of reading Milton’s epic poem by mapping out the intricacies of its narrative and symbolic designs and by revealing and exploring the deeply allusive texture of its verse. David Quint’s comprehensive study demonstrates how systematic patterns of allusion and keywords give structure and coherence both to individual books of Paradise Lost and to the overarching relationship among its books and episodes. Looking at poems within the poem, Quint provides new interpretations as he takes readers through the major subjects of Paradise Lost—its relationship to epic tradition and the Bible, its cosmology and politics, and its dramas of human choice.

Ayesha Ramachandran

The Worldmakers: Global Imagining in Early Modern Europe (2015)

Published in 2015, The Worldmakers is the first scholarly book to grapple with the challenge of comprehending the modern world by taking the term itself as its primary subject. Looking beyond signs of global transformation and their historical catalysts, the author attens to the conceptual, imaginative and metaphysical challenges posed by the pursuit of a comprehensive global vision in Europe between 1550 and 1700

Douglas Rogers

The Depths of Russia: Oil, Power, and Culture After Socialism (2015)

In The Depths of Russia, Douglas Rogers offers a nuanced and multifaceted analysis of oil’s place in Soviet and Russian life, based on ethnographic fieldwork and archival research in the Perm region of the Urals. Moving beyond models of oil calibrated to capitalist centers and postcolonial ‘petrostates,’ Rogers traces the distinctive contours of the socialist – and then postsocialist – oil complex, showing how oil has figured in the making and remaking of space and time, state and corporation, exchange and money, and past and present.

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The Old Faith and the Russian Land: A Historical Ethnography of Ethics in the Urals (2009)

The Old Faith and the Russian Land is a historical ethnography that charts the ebbs and flows of ethical practice in a small Russian town over three centuries. The town of Sepych was settled in the late seventeenth century by religious dissenters who fled to the forests of the Urals to escape a world they believed to be in the clutches of the Antichrist. Factions of Old Believers, as these dissenters later came to be known, have maintained a presence in the town ever since. The townspeople of Sepych have also been serfs, free peasants, collective farmers, and, now, shareholders in a post-Soviet cooperative. Douglas Rogers traces connections between the town and some of the major transformations of Russian history, showing how townspeople have responded to a long series of attempts to change them and their communities: tsarist-era efforts to regulate family life and stamp out Old Belief on the Stroganov estates, Soviet collectivization drives and antireligious campaigns, and the marketization, religious revival, and ongoing political transformations of post-Soviet times.

Pierre Saint-Amand

The Pursuit of Laziness: An Idle Interpretation of the Enlightenment (2011)

We think of the Enlightenment as an era dominated by ideas of progress, production, and industry—not an era that favored the lax and indolent individual. But was the Enlightenment only about the unceasing improvement of self and society? The Pursuit of Laziness examines moral, political, and economic treatises of the period, and reveals that crucial eighteenth-century texts did find value in idleness and nonproductivity. Fleshing out Enlightenment thinking in the works of Denis Diderot, Joseph Joubert, Pierre de Marivaux, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Jean-Siméon Chardin, this book explores idleness in all its guises, and illustrates that laziness existed, not as a vice of the wretched, but as an exemplar of modernity and a resistance to beliefs about virtue and utility.

Maurice Samuels

 French Universalism and the Jews

The Right to Difference: French Universalism and the Jews (2016)

Universal equality is a treasured political concept in France, but recent anxiety over the country’s Muslim minority has led to an emphasis on a new form of universalism, one promoting loyalty to the nation at the expense of all ethnic and religious affiliations. This timely book offers a fresh perspective on the debate by showing that French equality has not always demanded an erasure of differences. Through close and contextualized readings of the way that major novelists, philosophers, filmmakers, and political figures have struggled with the question of integrating Jews into French society, Maurice Samuels draws lessons about how the French have often understood the universal in relation to the particular.

Cover of Nineteenth-Century Jewish Literature by Edited by Jonathan M. Hess, Maurice Samuels, and Nadia Valman

Nineteenth-Century Jewish Literature: A Reader (2013)

Recent scholarship has brought to light the existence of a dynamic world of specifically Jewish forms of literature in the nineteenth century—fiction by Jews, about Jews, and often designed largely for Jews. This volume makes this material accessible to English speakers for the first time, offering a selection of Jewish fiction from France, Great Britain, and the German-speaking world. 

Cover of Inventing the Israelite by Maurice Samuels

Inventing the Israelite: Jewish Fiction in Nineteenth-Century France (2009)

In this book, Maurice Samuels brings to light little known works of literature produced from 1830 to 1870 by the first generation of Jews born as French citizens. These writers, Samuels asserts, used fiction as a laboratory to experiment with new forms of Jewish identity relevant to the modern world. In their stories and novels, they responded to the stereotypical depictions of Jews in French culture while creatively adapting the forms and genres of the French literary tradition. They also offered innovative solutions to the central dilemmas of Jewish modernity in the French context—including how to reconcile their identities as Jews with the universalizing demands of the French revolutionary tradition. While their solutions ranged from complete assimilation to a modern brand of orthodoxy, these writers collectively illustrate the creativity of a community in the face of unprecedented upheaval.

Marci Shore

The Ukrainian Night: An Intimate History of Revolution (2018)

In this lyrical and intimate book, Marci Shore evokes the human face of the Ukrainian Revolution. Grounded in the true stories of activists and soldiers, parents and children, Shore’s book blends a narrative of suspenseful choices with a historian’s reflections on what revolution is and what it means. She gently sets her portraits of individual revolutionaries against the past as they understand it – and the future as they hope to make it. In so doing, she provides a lesson about human solidarity in a world, our world, where the boundary between reality and fiction is ever more effaced.

The Taste of Ashes: The Afterlife of Totalitarianism in Eastern Europe (2013)

In the tradition of Timothy Garton Ash’s The File, Yale historian and prize-winning author Marci Shore draws upon intimate understanding to illuminate the afterlife of totalitarianism. The Taste of Ashes spans from Berlin to Moscow, moving from Vienna in Europe’s west through Prague, Bratislava, Warsaw and Bucharest to Vilnius and Kiev in the post-communist east. The result is a shimmering literary examination of the ghost of communism - no longer Marx’s ‘spectre to come’ but a haunting presence of the past.

Caviar and Ashes: A Warsaw Generation’s Life and Death in Marxism, 1918-1968 (2006)

“In the elegant capital city of Warsaw, the editor Mieczyslaw Grydzewski would come with his two dachshunds to a café called Ziemianska.” Thus begins the history of a generation of Polish literati born at the fin de siècle. They sat in Café Ziemianska and believed that the world moved on what they said there. Caviar and Ashes tells the story of the young avant-gardists of the early 1920s who became the radical Marxists of the late 1920s. They made the choice for Marxism before Stalinism, before socialist realism, before Marxism meant the imposition of Soviet communism in Poland. It ended tragically.

Timothy Snyder

The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America (2018)

In this forceful and unsparing work of contemporary history, based on vast research as well as personal reporting, Snyder goes beyond the headlines to expose the true nature of the threat to democracy and law. To understand the challenge is to see, and perhaps renew, the fundamental political virtues offered by tradition and demanded by the future. By revealing the stark choices before us – between equality and oligarchy, individuality or totality, truth and falsehood – Snyder restores our understanding of the basis of our way of life, offering a way forward in a time of terrible uncertainty.

On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century (2017)

The Founding Fathers tried to protect us from the threat they knew, the tyranny that overcame ancient democracy. Today, our political order faces new threats, not unlike the totalitarianism of the twentieth century. We are no wiser than the Europeans who saw democracy yield to fascism, Nazism, or communism. Our one advantage is that we might learn from their experience.

Black Earth by Timothy Snyder

Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning (2015)

In this epic history of extermination and survival, Timothy Snyder presents a new explanation of the great atrocity of the twentieth century, and reveals the risks that we face in the twenty-first.  Based on new sources from eastern Europe and forgotten testimonies from Jewish survivors, Black Earth recounts the mass murder of the Jews as an event that is still close to us, more comprehensible than we would like to think, and thus all the more terrifying. 

Peter Swenson

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“Misrepresented Interests: Business, Medicare, and the Making of the American Health Care State,” in Studies in American Political Development (2018)

A belief that there is a pervasive and enduring adversarial relationship between business and the welfare state is shared widely across scholarly disciplines engaged in historical and comparative analysis of social politics. According to that view, each stage in the expansion of the American welfare state was a defeat for capitalists. Detailed evidence on the politics of health care, with special focus on the passage of Medicare in 1965, casts serious doubt on this dominant view about class politics, the welfare state, and the power of business.

George Syrimis

“Theodorakis Takes on Anagnostakis: Reinventing the Lyric,” in Manolis Anagnostakis: Poetry and Politics, Silence and Agency in Post-War Greece, ed. Vangelis Calotychos (2012)

The book reflects on the life and work of a significant poet, public figure, and influential commentator of the cultural, social, and political history of Greece post-World War II: Manolis Anagnostakis (1925–2005). It considers his oeuvre in relation to the work of his peers and to traditions of writing, both Greek and non-Greek, as it challenges the assumptions and determinations of his critics. 

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“Empire, Religious Fanaticism, and Everyman’s Dilemma: Julian the Apostate in Kazantzakis and Cavafy,” in Journal of Modern Greek Studies (2010)

This comparative analysis of Constantine Cavafy’s “Julian” poems and Nikos Kazantzakis’s play Julian the Apostate brings the two works into conversation with each other as well as with current debates about the so-called “clash of civilizations,” “globalization,” and the “war on terror.” In light of fanatical religious rhetoric and violent conflict in the two historical periods—the fourth century A.D. and the present—a revisiting of Kazantzakis’s heroic vision of Julian and Cavafy’s ironic and skeptical treatment may serve to modulate and inform the current discussion by facilitating a more nuanced critique of the assumed manifest destiny of the American polity, the grand narrative of Middle Eastern reformation, the ethical aspirations of and justifications for military action based on religious grounds, as well as the recent employment of rhetoric in political discourse and in what one might call “the theatrics of power.”

Julia Titus

Poetry Reader for Russian Learners (2015)

Through the poetry of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Russian authors, including Pushkin and Akhmatova, Poetry Reader for Russian Learners helps upper-beginner, intermediate, and advanced Russian students refine their language skills. The text facilitates students’ interaction with authentic texts by means of a complete set of learning tools, including biographical sketches of each poet, stress marks, annotations, exercises, questions for discussion, and a glossary.

The Meek One: A Fantastic Story: An Annotated Russian Reader (2011)

This fully annotated paperback learner’s edition of Dostoevsky’s short story The Meek One is intended for intermediate and advanced Russian students. In addition to the Russian text, the book includes an introduction discussing the story’s historical context, literary significance, and critical response; an extensive glossary and a learner’s dictionary; discussion questions; and vocabulary quizzes, exercises, and self-tests. 

Katie Trumpener

Scheherazade's Children

“The Politics of Conversation: Denis Diderot, Elio Vittorini, Manuel Puig, Masaki Kobayashi, Vasily Grossman,” in Sheherzade’s Children: Global Encounters with the Arabian Nights, eds. Philip F. Kennedy and Marina Warner (2013)

Scheherazade’s Children gathers together leading scholars to explore the reverberations of the tales of the Arabian Nightsacross a startlingly wide and transnational range of cultural endeavors. The contributors, drawn from a wide array of disciplines, extend their inquiries into the book’s metamorphoses on stage and screen as well as in literature—from India to Japan, from Sanskrit mythology to British pantomime, from Baroque opera to puppet shows.

 Comparative Texts and Critical Perspectives

“Annals of Ice: Formations of Empire, Place and History in John Galt and Alice Munro,” in Scottish Literature and Postcolonial Literature: Comparative Texts and Critical Perspectives, eds. Michael Gardiner, Graeme MacDonald and Niall O’Gallagher (2011)

This chapter reviews Scotland’s most complex nineteenth-century colonial novel, John Galt’s half-forgotten 1831 Bogle Corbet, or the Emigrants, against Alice Munro’s fiction. Galt and Munro inhabit very different temporal, political and literary moments, yet describe the same area, in present-day Ontario, while sharing an interest in the local texture of historical experience, using annalistic accretion to ground new forms of historical fiction. 

The Cambridge Companion to Fiction in the Romantic Period

The Cambridge Companion to Fiction in the Romantic Period, ed. Richard Maxwell and Katie Trumpener (2008)

While poetry has been the genre most closely associated with the Romantic period, the novel of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries has attracted many more readers and students in recent years. Its canon has been widened to include less well known authors alongside Jane Austen, Walter Scott, Maria Edgeworth and Thomas Love Peacock. Over the last generation, especially, a remarkable range of popular works from the period have been re-discovered and reread intensively. This Companion offers an overview of British fiction written between roughly the mid-1760s and the early 1830s and is an ideal guide to the major authors, historical and cultural contexts, and later critical reception. 

Miroslav Volf

Flourishing: Why We Need Religion in a Globalized World (2016)

More than almost anything else, globalization and the great world religions are shaping our lives, affecting everything from the public policies of political leaders and the economic decisions of industry bosses and employees, to university curricula, all the way to the inner longings of our hearts. Integral to both globalization and religions are compelling, overlapping, and sometimes competing visions of what it means to live well. In this perceptive, deeply personal, and beautifully written book, a leading theologian sheds light on how religions and globalization have historically interacted and argues for what their relationship ought to be.

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Do We Worship the Same God?: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Dialogue, ed. Miroslav Volf (2012)

This book is a welcome addition to conversation between and about Jews, Christians, and Muslims. It originated in a consultation held in 2009, at the Yale Center for Faith and Culture, as a response to the need for scholarly focus on post-9/11 discourse about the “same-God” question. The book is written from insider viewpoints—Muslim, Christian, Jewish—and from various theological perspectives. The title question is socio-political as well as theological, suggesting concern about the question, “Can we live together?”

Against the Tide: Love in a Time of Petty Dreams and Persisting Enmities (2010)

Miroslav Volf’s writing beautifully points away from the pettiness and selfishness so prominent in our culture today and toward the love that Christians are called to exemplify. His insights in this volume will inform and inspire all who wish to follow that path of love.

Karen von Kunes

Milan Kundera’s Fiction: A Critical Approach to Existential Betrayals (2019)

In Milan Kundera’s Fiction: A Critical Approach to Existential Betrayals, Karen von Kunes traces Kundera’s literary aspirations to a single episode in Czechoslovakia in the Stalinist era. This moment attracted international attention when a 1950 police report was released in 2008. Reporters rushed to judgment, accusing Kundera of denouncing Miroslav Dvořáček to the police, resulting in Dvořáček’s immediate arrest and sentencing to hard labor. von Kunes debunks this shocking charge in a systematic way and argues that Kundera reported a suitcase, not a man. She ties Kundera’s dominant themes of sex, betrayal, and political denouncement to the suitcase, a fatal instrument that can lead to paradoxes and unforeseen and catastrophic coincidences for his characters.

Among the Sinners (2013)

Reflecting Kundera’s playful style of “lightness of form and heaviness of inquiry,” Among the Sinners makes allusions to Giovanni Boccaccio’s The Decameron. Just like ten young people who flee from plague-ridden Florence to an abandoned mansion in medieval times, ten young sinners from various countries hide in “Decameron,” a former mansion near Boston, hoping to escape the 21st century persecution of illegal immigrants.

 Czech-English/English-Czech Practical Dictionary (Hippocrene Practical Dictionary)

Czech-English/English-Czech Practical Dictionary (2011)

Spoken by over 12 million people worldwide, Czech is an official language of the European Union and is widely recognized for its strong literary value as the native tongue of such notable artists as Milan Kundera, Jaroslav Seifert, and Beach Smetana. This useful dictionary provides businesspeople, travelers, and students with all the words they need to learn and communicate in Czech. Each entry includes practical information on genitive case ending, gender, and pronunciation of nouns and adjectives. It features: alphabet and pronunciation key; concise grammar of the language; and over 42,000 total entries.

Kirk Wetters

Demonic History from Goethe to the Present (2015)

In this ambitious book, Kirk Wetters traces the genealogy of the demonic in German literature from its imbrications in Goethe to its varying legacies in the work of essential authors, both canonical and less well known, such as Gundolf, Spengler, Benjamin, Lukács, and Doderer. Wetters focuses especially on the philological and metaphorological resonances of the demonic from its core formations through its appropriations in the tumultuous twentieth century.

 Hans Blumenberg

Hans Blumenberg, co-edited with Rüdiger Campe and Paul Fleming for Telos (2012)

This special issue of Telos focusing on the work of the German philosopher Hans Blumenberg aims to reinvigorate the critical engagement with his work in the English-speaking world by casting a new light on his thought and its fundamental concerns. 

The Opinion System

The Opinion System: Impasses of the Public Sphere from Hobbes to Habermas (2008)

This book revises the concept of the public sphere by examining opinion as a foundational concept of modernity. Indispensable to ideas like “public opinion” and “freedom of opinion,” opinion—though sometimes held in dubious repute—here assumes a central position in modern philosophy, literature, sociology, and political theory, while being the object of extremely contradictory valuations.

James Whitman

Hitler’s American Model:The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law (2017)

Nazism triumphed in Germany during the high era of Jim Crow laws in the United States. Did the American regime of racial oppression in any way inspire the Nazis? The unsettling answer is yes. In Hitler’s American Model, James Whitman presents a detailed investigation of the American impact on the notorious Nuremberg Laws, the centerpiece anti-Jewish legislation of the Nazi regime. Contrary to those who have insisted that there was no meaningful connection between American and German racial repression, Whitman demonstrates that the Nazis took a real, sustained, significant, and revealing interest in American race policies.

The Verdict of Battle: The Law of Victory and the Making of Modern War (2012)

Today, war is considered a last resort for resolving disagreements. But a day of staged slaughter on the battlefield was once seen as a legitimate means of settling political disputes. James Whitman argues that pitched battle was essentially a trial with a lawful verdict. And when this contained form of battle ceased to exist, the law of victory gave way to the rule of unbridled force. The Verdict of Battle explains why the ritualized violence of the past was more effective than modern warfare in bringing carnage to an end, and why humanitarian laws that cling to a notion of war as evil have led to longer, more barbaric conflicts.

The Origins of Reasonable Doubt: Theological Roots of the Criminal Trial (2008)

To be convicted of a crime in the United States, a person must be proven guilty “beyond a reasonable doubt.” But what is reasonable doubt? Even sophisticated legal experts find this fundamental doctrine difficult to explain. In this accessible book, James Q. Whitman digs deep into the history of the law and discovers that we have lost sight of the original purpose of “reasonable doubt.” It was not originally a legal rule at all, he shows, but a theological one.

Keith Wrightson

A Social History of England, 1500–1750

A Social History of England, 1500–1750, ed. Keith Wrightson (2016)

The rise of social history has had a transforming influence on the history of early modern England. It has broadened the historical agenda to include many previously little-studied, or wholly neglected, dimensions of the English past. It has also provided a fuller context for understanding more established themes in the political, religious, economic and intellectual histories of the period. This volume serves two main purposes. Firstly, it summarises, in an accessible way, the principal findings of forty years of research on English society in this period, providing a comprehensive overview of social and cultural change in an era vital to the development of English social identities. Second, the chapters, by leading experts, also stimulate fresh thinking by not only taking stock of current knowledge but also extending it, identifying problems, proposing fresh interpretations and pointing to unexplored possibilities. It will be essential reading for students, teachers and general readers.

Ralph Tailor’s Summer: A Scrivener, His City and the Plague (2011)

The plague outbreak of 1636 in Newcastle-upon-Tyne was one of the most devastating in English history. This hugely moving study looks in detail at its impact on the city through the eyes of a man who stayed as others fled: the scrivener Ralph Tailor.

Fabrizio Zilibotti

Love, Money, and Parenting: How Economics Explains the Way We Raise Our Kids, by Matthias Doepke and Fabrizio Zilibotti (2019)

Parents everywhere want their children to be happy and do well. Yet how parents seek to achieve this ambition varies enormously. For instance, American and Chinese parents are increasingly authoritative and authoritarian, whereas Scandinavian parents tend to be more permissive. Why? Love, Money, and Parenting investigates how economic forces and growing inequality shape how parents raise their children. From medieval times to the present, and from the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Sweden to China and Japan, Matthias Doepke and Fabrizio Zilibotti look at how economic incentives and constraints—such as money, knowledge, and time—influence parenting practices and what is considered good parenting in different countries.
Secrets of Economics Editors

“Memoirs of an Editor,” in Secrets of Economics Editors, eds. Michael Szenberg and Lall Ramrattan (2014)

Editors of academic journals are often the top scholars in their fields. They are charged with managing the flow of hundreds of manuscripts each year—from submission to review to rejection or acceptance—all while continuing their own scholarly pursuits. Tenure decisions often turn on who has published what in which journals, but editors can accept only a fraction of the papers submitted. In this book, past and present editors of economics journals discuss navigating the world of academic journals. Their contributions offer essential reading for anyone who has ever submitted a paper, served as a referee or associate editor, edited a journal—or read an article and wondered why it was published.

Revisiting Keynes

“Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren 75 Years After: A Global Perspective,” in Revisiting Keynes: Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren, eds. Lorenzo Pecchi and Gustavo Piga(2010)

Leading economists revisit a provocative essay by John Maynard Keynes, debating Keynes’s vision of growth, inequality, work, leisure, entrepreneurship, consumerism, and the search for happiness in the twenty-first century.